Just like with any other time in life, oral health is an important determinant of overall health during pregnancy. Here are 3 ways that pregnancy affects oral health:

Hormonal Changes

During pregnancy, hormonal fluctuations can affect how the body responds to bacteria, particularly in the mouth. This hormonal surge can result in swollen, tender gums and heightened susceptibility to gum disease.

Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Among the most common dental concerns during pregnancy are gingivitis and periodontitis. Gingivitis, characterized by inflamed, bleeding gums, is prevalent due to increased blood flow and hormonal changes. Left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, a more severe gum disease that may lead to tooth loss.

Morning sickness and tooth erosion

Nausea and vomiting, often experienced during early pregnancy, expose teeth to stomach acids. This exposure can lead to enamel erosion and a higher risk of cavities. Rinsing your mouth after bouts of morning sickness is helpful not only to freshen up but also to wash away any acid or food particles that are left behind.

The best thing an expecting parent can do for their health and the health of their unborn child is to follow a regular oral health routine, including brushing and flossing twice daily and making sure to keep up with regular dentist and dental hygienist visits. 

Should you have any questions about your oral health during pregnancy, or are simply due for a 6-month checkup, don’t hesitate to contact us. You can call us at (617) 332-2872 or book an appointment online.

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